Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptoms : About Cancer

September 22nd, 2007Guage

In this article, ‘Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptoms’, you will discover:

  • What Is Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)?
  • What Are Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptoms?

What Is Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)?

You may well be aware of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) but not quiet sure what it is.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common condition that affects the gut.

It is believe that up to 15% of the population suffer from it once during their lifetime.

The exact cause of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is unknown, although food sensitivities and allergies, stress, bowel infection, bowel inflammation and sensitive bowel muscles could all be contributing factors that trigger irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms off.

Other inflammatory bowel diseases like ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease are not thought to be related to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common long term condition which affects both the large and small bowel over months and even years.

It causes discomfort, pain and changes in bowel function.

What Are Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptoms?

Symptoms typically start to show up in the 15 to 40 years of age group and can vary from mild symptoms to symptoms which impact on the quality of life.

Symptoms of IBS are:

  • A feeling of not empting the bowel fully
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Abdominal pain
  • Backache
  • Constipation or diarrhoea
  • Depression
  • Fatigue
  • Food passing through the digestive system quicker
  • Groin pain
  • Hard and soft stools
  • Indigestion
  • Insomnia
  • Lethargy
  • Mucus in stools
  • Nausea
  • Painful periods
  • Urgency to have a bowel motion
  • Vomiting
  • Wind

The exact cause of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is unknown, but;

  • Bowel infections and inflammation
  • Bowel viruses
  • Stress
  • Allergies and food sensitivities

have all been linked with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).What is obvious; is that people who suffer from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have a sensitive bowel which reacts to stimuli easier than a normal bowel, triggering unpleasant symptoms.

Stewart Hare C.H.Ed Dip NutTh

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Liver information | LiverCancer-Stage

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basic knowledge needed to better communicate with their physicians and
to give patients and families hope for the future.Liver Cancer Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors, Treatment, and Prevention on MedicineNet.comGet information on liver cancer, its symptoms, causes, diagnosis, staging, prognosis, treatment, and prevention.Liver cancer – MayoClinic.comLiver cancer Comprehensive overview covers symptoms and treatment of this cancer, including hepatocellular carcinoma.Liver Cancer: MedlinePlusLiver CancerLiver Cancer, Cirrhosis, Tumors, Treatment: American Liver FoundationThe Web Site of the American Liver Foundation.Liver Cancer Treatment CenterLiver Cancer Treatment Center at Westchester Medical Center. Know about liver cancer treatment, liver tumors and liver transplant surgery at Arlin Cancer Center.Moving BeyondCancer TreatmentNew Hope Medical provides alternative cancer treatmentsNew Hope Medical Center alternative treatment strategy is one of the most comprehensive cancer treatments.Energy blocker may be potential liver cancer…( A team of Johns Hopkins researchers has…)Health,A team of Johns Hopkins researchers has identified and successfully te… Writing in the July 15 issue of Cancer Research the scientists repor… It’s very exciting because we expected the compound to be pretty tox… A single injection of the compound directly into the artery that feed… With 3-bromopyruvate in the rabbits healthy liver seems to be spare…,Energy,blocker,may,be,potential,liver,cancer,treatment,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine newsChildhood Cancers | Pediatric Hematology/Oncology | Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center | GeorgetownThe home page of the Georgetown University Medical Center (GUMC).Cancer Information, Research, and Treatment for all Types of Cancer | OncoLinkCancer resources from OncoLink – provides comprehensive information on all cancer types, cancer treatments, cancer research advances, continuing medical education, and cancer prevention.CANCER – Adult Primary Liver CancerLiver Cancer: Cause and Effects – Reducing Devastating Effects | Modern Guide to Health | Health Guide | Healthy LifestyleLiver Cancer. Cancer may arise in almost any organ of the body. When it begins in the stomach or large bowl, the liver may soon be involved, mainly becauseProbiotics could targetcausesofliver cancerCauses of Liver cancer – CureResearch.comCauses of Liver cancer including triggers, underlying conditions and risk factors.Does Aflatoxin-contaminated Peanut Butter Cause Liver Cancer?Xenophilia – Rife Cancer CureLiver Cancer Prognosis, Symptoms and TreatmentLiver Cancer Facts plus the Latest News on Liver Cancer Treatments – HealthNewsflashMumsnet Discussions
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The Cancer Story – Everything You Need To Know: 27 September 2013

“I see a girl in the night
With a baby in her hand
Under an old street light
Near a garbage can
Now she puts the kid away,
and she’s gone to get a hit
She hates her life,
and what she’s done to it
There’s one more kid
that will never go to school
Never get to fall in love,
never get to be cool.”

The fortune teller was right. 2013 has been a year of big change. Some people don’t like change, I get where they are coming from, but I embrace it I guess. It has been hard to think of what to write for the blog lately, and I haven’t had time to lose myself in writing like I once did. Sometimes I wonder what we are all here for. All the madness and the chaos in the world makes me think there is something bigger and better out there. But where? I caught up with an old friend I used to work with last week, and we chatted about the lives we once led. Busting our backs on a warehouse floor with three hundred other people. We were the blue collared blokes in a working class environment.

We talked about how some of the people we worked with were the kings of thieves. How these boys defined the rules so they could provide better lives for themselves and their families. The stole, lots. Enough for some of them to be in jail now. Enough for some of them to be on the run. Everyone always knew what they were up to, but no one ever said a word. I used watch one of them every day I was there, he had this smile that screamed ‘I’m up to no good’. But these were our mates. We were all under the one roof, we all did the same job, we all spoke the language of the working man. We were all in the same union, and we all felt the heat when the summer time came.

Some of us were thieves too, but they took for fun. Others were the party type, just like me.We all had the same hang over on public holidays, we all sniffed from the same nostril when the snow came. We all rolled the same note on a Friday night shift, and we all medicated our needs after a big shift. We lived like life was a dream, and we all dreamed of a better life. But none of us looked at each other and judged. This was our prison, we all had to stick together. Some broke free before others, and some got the chair before we could say good bye. But that’s what we did. We worked.

Some of us were lovers, with each other. Daddy’s got a family at home, but he’s got a mistress on the warehouse floor. And we never said a thing. We watched the romance brew in the back of the dock and made bets to see who would be caught out first. We laughed at the ones who couldn’t keep their hands off, and we kept secrets for the ones who didn’t want to get caught by their missus. This was where me and my friend once worked. We called it work, others would have called it hell on earth. But when you need the money, and the money was good, you did what you had to do.

One of us was a killer. That’s one thing that came up in my chat down the pub with my mate. Young baby

Kiesha Abrahams

. The most beautiful girl you’d ever seen. We worked with Bob. We all watched him, he was always by himself. Never spoke to the boys, unless the boys spoke to him. We all watched the day he didn’t make his shift, and we all heard the talking when we saw the television. We all listened to the rumours, and wondered if it was true. But none of looked at each other and said “he’s no different to me and you.” Bob was different, to what extent, neither of us knew.

Me and my friend, we got out of that place, and we never looked back. I still stay in touch with boys on the inside, but most of my boys have left and gone on to greener pastures. My friend is rehabilitating juveniles that have had bad lives, some have been in and out of prison for things you couldn’t imagine. Over a beer or two, he told me what these young ones were like. What they’d been through. What path they were going down. How their parents treated them as children, and what they did to them. It made me sick, to my stomach. 

It made me think about this place we live in. Every where you look there is something corrupt. There is so much beauty to be found, but sometimes reality hits you and you realise just how fucked this place is for those who can’t hack it. That place we used to work was like a magnet for corrupt minds to be. And you never know it until you’re on the other side of the gate. When I left that place, I got my life together again. I gave up some of my foolish ways, and started looking for a better life. The old cancer tried to strike me down along the way, but it couldn’t get me enough to bring me to my knees.

I can’t write anymore. There is too much of good life to be lived. I’ll write about my journey in the next life. What else can I say? I hope it was good for you… 

The stomach cancer treats chats : About Cancer

May 7th, 2008Guage

Surgery treatment:
Was still stomach cancers only effective method of treatment, also appeases the treatment principal means. The stomach cancer surgery treats the main method including the far-end stomach big excision method, the near-end stomach big excision method, the entire stomach excision and the entire stomach merge spleen, the pancreas body excision method, the Appleby technique, the stomach cancer merge exhausts oneself the internal organs union excision method as well as appeases the surgery.

  Radiotherapy:
The radiotherapy to is not suitable the patient who makes the excision to help not in a big way, its reason cannot carry on the dissection localization. The radiotherapy may alleviate the cardiac opening of stomach cancer obstruction symptom and reduce cannot excise the pathological change chronic
Blood.

  Chemotherapy:
Because the present admitting majority is the progress time stomach cancer, the pure surgerys curative effect misses really, takes the complex therapy important component the chemotherapy, treats one of now stomach cancers important means. At present has 5- fluorine uracils to the stomach cancer quite effective medicine, fu nan the fluorine uracil, the superior luck ding, silk crack mildew element C, the Arab League mildew element, the card nitrogen mustard, the link oneself Asia nitrourea, the armor link Asia nitrourea, the Arab League sugar butcher glucoside, along the chloramine platinum, the fluorine link butcher glucoside hydroxy-urea and so on. The chemotherapy method mainly has the single medicinal preparation chemotherapy and the union chemotherapy, but thought generally the union chemotherapy the effect surpasses the single medicinal preparation chemotherapy. Before the technique, the chemotherapy may enhance the curative effect which the surgery treats. In the technique the chemotherapy technique prevents one which of important measures the medical source spreads. In the technique the chemotherapy commonly used medicine is silk crack mildew element C (MMC). After technique and technique, the chemotherapy prognosis surpasses the control group. After the technique, is auxiliary the chemotherapy is the stomach cancer most commonly used complex therapy method. After the technique, the chemotherapy uses the union chemotherapy, the union chemotherapy plan great variety, but generally take 5-Fu and MMC as the base medicine. After the technique, is auxiliary the chemotherapy the curative effect to surpass the pure surgery, but after the technique, after the cotton and kapok epidemic disease chemotherapy surpasses the technique, chemotherapy. After the technique recurs the patient also to be suitable for the application immunity chemotherapy.

  Immunity treatment:
The immunity treatments adaptation card includes:①After early stomach cancer root governing skill, suits the whole body application immunity irritant;②Cannot excise or appease the excision the case to be possible in the residual cancer the direct injection immunity irritant;③The later period patient is accompanied by the ascites to be suitable for in the abdominal cavity to inject the immunity enhancement medicine.
Biological chemotherapy:
At present the newest biotechnologys new achievement, is suitable for each kind of tumor, has the indolence pain slightly, the side effect and so on merits, applications and so on Japan, US are many, was still at the promoted stage in our country

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Entry Filed under: Stomach Cancer

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The Cancer Story – Everything You Need To Know: 02 March 2013

I had a new post written and ready to be published, but then things changed. It’s hard to read what I had written only two or three weeks ago. When I read back at some of my older pieces when I was sick I don’t struggle at all. But this one piece I had written broke me into pieces. People say its funny how things change, but really, it isn’t funny. It’s just life I guess. I had to write about what is happening because I need to get it off my chest and off my mind. Before I start I’d like to take this time to say “Everything will be just fine.”

“I’m going through changes.”

Nearly a year ago things in my life changed quite alot. I picked up the pieces in my life where cancer had left me. I got back on my feet, literally. I had nothing but the future to look forward to. There was nothing I was happier with than just being normal, and returning to a normal way of life. I had met people and things couldn’t have been better. Last year I had the luck of meeting someone really amazing, someone really beautiful. Someone I I saw more than just a bit of fun in. That was the first change for me. I had met someone that really made me feel certain of the person I am.

As time progressed so did alot of the ways I felt for this person. I never knew a feeling like the one they gave me existed. I didn’t believe that it was possible. Although we spent alot time together, sometimes I felt like it wasn’t enough. I was addicted. I would thank my God everyday for the gift I had been given, and never believed that anything could stand in the way of what I had been given. Things were really unbelievable, for me anyway. I know what I gave that person was truly unreal as well. I know because they told me everyday. We were connected.

Naturally everything developed as it should, and I did whatever I could just by being me to protect that. We spent time apart for about a month, but I felt them everyday while they were gone. I felt them even stronger while they were gone. We gave each other a reason to smile while we weren’t together. I gave them a reason to come home with excitement. I gave them myself. There is so much more I want to say, but I might just save it for when I feel more comfortable writing about it.

All I want to say for now is that sometimes, when things changes, it makes you question your own being. It makes you question your choices. As I’ve written before, I am a doer based on my feelings. I act on them and what may be, may be. I guess the only problem with that is, I leave myself open to be hurt quite easily. And when the hurt comes, I build a prison around my own feelings as a way of protecting myself from being hurt more. It’s something I have learnt a very humbling lesson on in recent times. I am not going to sit here and say it was all that persons fault for the way I feel now, because it wasn’t at all.

I won’t sit here and write a negative piece on everything that has been said and done because I don’t want to walk around with that sort of resentment. I was given a gift and I need to treasure everything that it bared for me. All I want to say is I don’t regret anything that happened. I don’t regret any of my choices whatsoever. I don’t regret the things I did, they way I was, or the way I felt during the whole time I spent with that person. I don’t regret it because I can’t change it anyway. I am however, thankful, what I got to experience was a real lesson in love and life.

“We’re one, but we’re not the same.”

Sometimes when things change its hard to put your life into perspective without thinking about all things you think or feel you might be missing out on. The reason why I say this is because sometimes you can feel something in every part of you, and then realise it may only be you feeling it. You put your life into perspective considering how it is going to be when you feel what you do. You believe, for whatever reason, that its how it is, and how it will be.

Sometimes it takes alot to say “it won’t be that way”. It takes more to be realistic than it does to just put a positive spin on everything, not that that is a bad thing. I guess it teaches you that sometimes you really need to just take each moment as it comes. I guess it teaches you that sometimes you can really do alot of damage to yourself pushing for something that might not come. Will I stop being the way I am in the future? No. I learnt more about myself from this experience than I did from having cancer.

I don’t want to put a negative spin on anything that has happened because I don’t want bad karma. And although I feel like my choices have really taken a toll on the person that was affected by them, I know in my heart it is for the best. I know that sometimes when one door closes, it seems like it is closing in a very dark room, and the only light that you could see was from the door way that was once open. The light that shined in that room was light from a million tiny candles that were lit because they showed the way to my heart.

In that room stood two people. Nothing else in that room existed except warmth from those million tiny candles and those two people. There was only one way in, and one way out. And although one has left that room, the candles will stay there forever. maybe one day they’ll fade away, but for now they are still lit. In that room stood people, two individuals that thought with one mind. Two people stood, feeding off each other. Two people stood, and one walked away. Although they stood together, they lived two different lives. 

“Bed Of Roses.”

Although I am at the end of this piece, I will finish with something I really wanted to express to the world. I have always loved roses. I have always loved giving them to people. And when I am in love, I give them to that person all the time. I guess some things about me won’t ever change. Buying flowers was something my dad and I used to do when I was a child. He would take me to the florist once a week and tell me to chose flowers to take home to mum.

Out of this whole experience, I won’t forget the roses. I won’t forget that I used to dream about laying her on a bed of roses. I won’t forget that she changed the way I thought about myself. And I won’t forget her. I walked away, but she took a piece of my heart before I left. And although our paths may never cross again I won’t forget, for now, that she’ll always be the one I wanted to lay down in a bed of roses.

If she ever reads this, she’ll know who she is. If she ever reads this, I know she’ll understand that some things are best the way they are. I know that we’ve had to seek out other roads, because the one we were on has ended abruptly, but that is what makes life all the more beautiful. What we get to keep from road that we were once on, we can use it to lay down a path for the new road we chose to go down…

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NvR60Wg9R7Q

About Cancer » Surviving Breast Cancer

December 1st, 2007Guage

Surviving Breast Cancer – A Husbands View
By Raymond Laubert 

My wife has had breast cancer twice in the last 13 years and is a survivor, which I guess make me a survivor as well. I want to try and help those who are going through this ordeal with some guidance and suggestions.

First a little about us, we have been married since 1972 and are high school sweethearts. We have 4 great kids, all when we were younger and now 10 beautiful grand children. My wife is my soul mate and I am hers. Without her I am not sure what I would do or how I would survive. She is in every sense a survivor. She is a secretary and has worked a good part of her life, except some time off for child rising. I am retired military, a database administrator and trainer. Neither of us smoke or drink except the occasional social drink on New Years.

So as you can see we are fairly normal family now a day. Except for the fact that she had cancer the first time in her late 30s which is rare and again 2 years ago. Each time she has had a partial mastectomy and radiation treatments. This time was easier to handle then the first time.

What to expect

I am sure each of you reading this want to know what to expect. When will it get easier? When will both of you feel normal again. What is going to happen to her and you during the treatments? I will try to explain.

From the moment we found out about the cancer, things did change. We were both very scared and unsure what the future will hold. Would the radiation treatments work, would they be enough, what kind of scarring and disfigurement would there be. We had so many questions that we did not know what to ask or even who. The doctors were great; they put my wife at ease and did their best to prepare her for what was going to happen. Treatments went well. In the beginning she was still able to work till probably the 3rd week or so. Then she was tired most of the time. I still remember feeling so bad, here I was suppose to be protecting her, keeping her safe and I could not do anything to prevent this or even lessen the suffering. Some of the medications helped a little, but she was not herself. I picked up on doing some of the housework, watching the kids, cooking etc. But never felt like I did enough. For her part, she stayed home after the 3rd week or so rested as much as possible. But the treatments were everyday and each time she got more tired and sore. The soreness is like a bad sunburn but for weeks it does not go away.

I remember putting cream on her after the treatments to help ease the pain. After the radiation treatments it takes a few weeks before the sunburn disappears and a month or so before she was not as tired. It was several months before the swelling went down, maybe a year before we could tell how much different the breast size was going to be. My wife went from a D cup to a B cup after the first surgery. It is still early but the mastectomy was not as large as the first time.

What will happen?

The doctors will probably tell you what the treatment plan is. If you get a chance go with her to these appointments. Work can wait and they should understand. If you can afford it take family medical leave and stay home with her.

Radiation treatments are like a long x-ray. She will be placed in a mold to hold her body still and the x-ray will be targeted to the area of the cancer. This is what causes the burning. If they have to operate that is usually done first with about six week or so to heal before the treatments start. My wife was lucky in that she did not need chemical therapy. So I can not talk about those side effects. I understand they can be much worse. The x-rays kill the cancer cells but also damage the body and make it difficult for her to get much energy or fight off other illnesses. I remember the doctor telling us that she had to be careful because her immune system would be in shock for a while and it would be easier for her to pick up other illnesses that normally she would fight off easily. Treatments are straight forward and finite in period. Probably the easy part of the whole process. 10 weeks or so and it is all over with.

What you can do to ease the suffering

This is the hard part. Like I said before, I was supposed to protect her so now to try and redeem myself. Waiting on her hand a foot would have been nice, but I working the first time and could not take time off, someone had to bring in the money and like a lot of people we were a two income family down to one income.

Mood swings will be plenty. Just try to imagine a bad sunburn for 10 weeks without let up. The constant pain she was in I could see on her face. Treatments to moisten the skin helped and we made sure to make it our time when we could talk and let each other know what we were feeling. I know this is hard for men in general, but DO IT. She needs to know you understand, you care, and you do not hold it against her. At this point be a man and talk to her. She needs you, and as much as you may not want to admit it you need her. I think talking was the one thing that helped us through this whole ordeal. If either one of us had kept to ourselves we would not have made it through.

What you can do to ease your suffering

She has a lot on her at this point in time, just the cancer word is enough to scare the crap out of you, then surgery, treatments, recovery, financial stress, stress on the marriage, kids, family and friends all seem to fall on her shoulders. You need to take control and remove some of this stress on her, which puts more stress on you. But hey, you’re a man, you can handle it. And you’re not the one with cancer.

Each of us has our own way of releasing tension. For me it was sitting in a wooded area, having a good cry and talking to nature (God) although I am not an overly religious person, it helped. You need to find a support system. Family or friends need to understand you have a lot of stress on you as well. Find someone to take the shift with the wife so you can unwind in what ever helps you. Maybe a hard workout at the gym, going for a walk, watching a movie, going to the bar, what ever. Just make sure that she is taken care of for as long as it will take before you get back into the game. If you drink, do not take over until you are sober again. You need all of your strength to help her, not add more stress to her life at this time.

Wrapping it up

Well, I have rambled on long enough. Our life has been a lot stronger after the cancers than it ever was. We still talk to each other every night. We learned the signs of when something was wrong and initiated the conversations so that it does not brew under the surface. I am happy to say WE survived, as individuals and most importantly as a couple. There are many support groups available now a days. Find one in your area before you start treatments if possible and attend together. Listen to what others have to say, and build a friendship with them. They have gone through what you will be going through and can help in many ways. My God Bless you and your spouse and watch over both of you.

I love my wife. After 35 years I know of no other woman I would rather be with. The cancer has changed us. We are more loving, understanding and communicative then we were before. It has also changed our goals in life. We are now actively planning for early retirement. We have sold our home, purchased an RV and once the follow-ups are done in another year or so, we will take our life together on the road.

We are both working full time and running a set of web based businesses which will be used to help support us while we travel. Please visit http://rd-webhosting.com and if you find yourself needing support or a web site let us know.

Entry Filed under: Breast cancer


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Your Cancer Questions » Blog Archive » Some say bladder cancer Has gone to more parts of the body?

By Trinidy on Dec 3, 2008 | Reply

Any kind of cancer can travel in the body, any kind of cancer is bad. Most kinds of cancer if left un treated or if caught too late will spread to other parts of the body. My father had colon cancer and it spread to his stomach and everything in his stomach before he had passed away.

It all depends one when the cancer was caught and how long your dad has had the cancer for.

By Panda on Dec 6, 2008 | Reply

When cancer is first diagnosed a doctor will do two things . . stage the cancer and grade the tumor. What this means is that he will look at the cancer in the bladder to see if there is only one small tumor if only one is there than he might call it a STAGE 1. Stage 1 means that there is not much cancer there, but enough that he would need to have surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy. The next Stage is 2. That means there is more than one tumor, maybe a different size, maybe two or dozens, but still a little small. The next Stage is 3. Stage 3 is serious because the tumor or tumors are now fairly large and may start to be growing through the wall of the bladder and going into other areas around the bladder. A stage 4 is very advanced. Stage 4 means that the large cancer tumor has begun to shed smaller, microscopic cancer cells. These small cells are tiny enough to get into a persons blood stream or lymphatic system. The small cancer cells travel all around the body . . sometimes hundreds of them and find other places to lodge and begin to grow a bladder cancer tumor. These cells can go into the liver and establish a secondary cancer spot. Or they can go into the bone. Or into the kidney. Or into the brain and set up new cancer tumors. This is called Metastatic cancer because it can travel.

The doctor will also look at the tumor cells under a microscope and determine if the cells are Low grade, Medium grade, or High grade. Low means that the cells look somewhat normal. Medium means they are starting to change rapidly. High means that the cancer cell is totally abnormal looking.

You need to ask your father what Stage his bladder cancer is now in. In general, the higher the stage the higher the grade of tumor.

There is treatment for all four stages of bladder cancer. Much will depend on how your father responds to treatment.

You can read the Clinical Guidelines for Bladder cancer to learn more:

By dr_bakhan on Dec 9, 2008 | Reply

If your dads doctor is saying this , then it is true.
This means that he has developed metastasis. or seedlings or daughter communities of cancer in the other parts of the body.
No it may still be controlled with the chemotherapy.

By papacut on Dec 11, 2008 | Reply

Dr. Bacon or barfun your an idiot.

Do Not Believe what you hear from every doctor. Take what information they give you and do research on your own. Then come to conclusions. What they studied in med school is no different than what you find in a book store.

I am sorry but bladder cancer is bad but fixable. Good Luck.

Approach to the Patient with Metastatic Cancer

Cancers may first become manifest with visceral or nodal metastases without an obvious primary lesion. Patients presenting in this fashion are said to have metastatic cancer, primary site unknown (MCPSU). Other terms used to denote this clinical entity include cancer (or carcinoma) of unknown primary site and metastases of unknown origin. There is no consensus regarding the extent of clinical evaluation required before the conclusion is reached that the site of origin of the primary tumor cannot be found; as a result, there is considerable heterogeneity in the frequency with which MCPSU is ultimately diagnosed and in the clinical features of patients deemed to have this syndrome. Most authorities agree that complete history and physical examination, blood cell counts, a chemistry screening panel, tests for occult blood in urine and stool, mammography in women, and routine histologic evaluation of the diagnostic pathologic specimen should be performed. Other major sources of heterogeneity include the differing degrees of certainty that individual pathologists require to make a more specific diagnosis, the differing numbers and types of pathologic studies employed before the diagnosis of MCPSU is made, and the extent of imaging studies ordered by clinicians in patients exhibiting this syndrome.

ETIOLOGY.

The syndrome of MCPSU by definition results from an occult primary cancer that produces clinically documented metastases. The etiology of this process varies markedly depending on the organ of origin of the malignancy. In a minority of patients, the primary site is not apparent even at autopsy. In a large series of 302 patients with MCPSU who eventually had a postmortem examination, the primary tumor site was eventually identified in 27% of individuals during life and an additional 57% at autopsy; in a residual 16% of cases, even autopsy could not discover the primary neoplasm. When autopsy is not performed, the fraction of cases in which the origin of cancer is not discovered is as high as 70 to 80%.

INCIDENCE.

Because there is no standard definition of the MCPSU syndrome, its incidence can only crudely be estimated. Various authors suggest that from 2 to 12% of all cancer patients present in this fashion, with the higher estimates usually based on series from tertiary care centers. Because 1,229,000 individuals in the United States will be diagnosed with cancer in 1998, approximately 86,000 of them (the median of 2-12%) will have MCPSU.

PATHOGENESIS AND PATHOLOGY.

The primary pathogenesis of the MCPSU syndrome is the sequence of events that produced the occult primary cancer and its metastases. These events differ greatly, depending on the primary neoplasm. Why the primary cancer is not discovered by routine diagnostic evaluation is a question of major interest. The most common explanation is that the primary tumor is simply too small to be detected by physical examination and imaging studies. Other possibilities include prior surgical excision of the primary lesion, as can occasionally be established in malignant melanoma presenting as an MCPSU; hemorrhagic infarction with resulting necrosis and scarring, as is thought to occur in some testicular choriocarcinomas; and spontaneous regression, which occurs rarely in renal cancers and melanomas and may be mediated by immunologic mechanisms.

Because pathologic confirmation of a malignant neoplasm must be obtained and a search for the primary cancer by routine evaluation must be unrewarding before a tentative diagnosis of MCPSU is made, careful scrutiny of the pathologic specimen assumes critical importance. Discussion between clinician and pathologist should always occur and may sometimes reveal that available pathologic material is inadequate for a more specific diagnosis because of the suboptimal amount of tissue or a poorly processed specimen. This situation occurs with pathologically undifferentiated neoplasms or when the diagnosis of malignancy rests solely on cytologic material obtained by fine-needle aspiration, which sometimes provides little information on tissue architecture and may be insufficient for detailed immunohistochemical or electron microscopic studies that sometimes elucidate the primary site of malignancy. When the pathologist believes examination of additional tissue could lead to a more definitive diagnosis, careful communication is essential to ensure that a repeat biopsy will yield sufficient, properly processed material.

Once an adequate pathologic specimen is available, routine light microscopic examination will reveal adenocarcinoma in approximately 40% of MCPSU patients, undifferentiated carcinoma or malignant neoplasm in 40%, squamous carcinoma in 10%, and, in fewer than 5% each, melanoma, neuroblastoma, neuroendocrine tumor, or other cancers. The pathologist must determine that the presumed metastasis is not the primary tumor. Carcinoma occurring in a setting of epithelial dysplasia suggests a primary neoplasm, whereas certain types of cells not normally present at the biopsy site, such as epithelial acinar structures in lymph nodes, confirm that the tumor is metastatic. Light microscopic examination can sometimes reveal structural features that suggest the origin of the cancer. For example, papillary adenocarcinoma most often arises in the thyroid, ovary, or lung; and signet ring carcinoma arises in the gastrointestinal tract. Rosetting malignant cells are characteristic of neuroblastoma, and psammoma bodies, of thyroid or ovarian carcinoma.

More specialized studies, particularly immunohistochemical techniques, may be useful in diagnosing undifferentiated carcinomas or malignant neoplasms, which usually prove to be poorly differentiated squamous or adenocarcinoma, lymphoma, amelanotic melanoma, germ cell carcinoma, or undifferentiated sarcoma, and may identify the organ in which some carcinomas arise. However, the clinical behavior and response to therapy of these malignancies, particularly of undifferentiated neoplasms diagnosed exclusively by immunohistochemical means, may not be identical to corresponding neoplasms diagnosed routinely by light microscopy.

Although not used as often as immunohistochemistry, electron microscopic examination of certain tissue specimens may sometimes be useful, particularly in undifferentiated neoplasms. Ultrastructural demonstration of microvilli is characteristic of adenocarcinoma, desmosomes of squamous carcinoma, premelanosomes or melanosomes of malignant melanoma, and cytoplasmic dense-core granules of neuroendocrine carcinomas such as small cell lung cancer.

CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS.

The first clinical manifestation and site of initial pathologic diagnosis of cancer in patients with MCPSU most often occurs in the lung or pleural space, liver, bone, or lymph nodes. Less frequent presentations include cancer in the peritoneum or pelvis, brain, epidural space, and skin. The distribution of metastases is clearly different in patients with MCPSU as compared with tumors that have an obvious primary site. For example, bone metastases are uncommon in typical cases of pancreatic cancer but are frequent in pancreatic cancer presenting as MCPSU. Liver and lung metastases are uncommon in typical prostatic cancer but occur much more frequently in prostatic cancer with a clinically undetected primary site.

The most common ultimately detected primary sites of cancer in MCPSU patients arise in the pancreas, lung, colon, and hepatobiliary organs. In MCPSU cases presenting above the diaphragm, the lung is the most common primary cancer that is eventually discovered. For infradiaphragmatic presentations, the pancreas is the most frequent primary site.

The distribution of eventually proven sites of cancer origin in patients with MCPSU is also somewhat different from the frequency of various malignancies in the general cancer population. Germ cell, adrenal, hepatobiliary, pancreatic, and renal cancers are relatively overrepresented among patients with the MCPSU syndrome, whereas malignancies of the breast, endometrium, cervix, lung, and prostate are relatively underrepresented because these latter tumors are more readily diagnosed by simple means such as physical examination and chest radiography.

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Initial Reaction When Diagnosed With Cancer

November 6th, 2007Guage

Jus Breast Cancer Experience Part 2: Initial Reaction When Diagnosed With Cancer
By Chris Teo, Ph.D. 

Ju came from a closely-knitted family of five sisters and two brothers. She was thirty-six years old when diagnosed with breast cancer in 1995 – a most unexpected and shocking episode indeed. It has been twelve years since her diagnosis and Ju is still doing fine. In May 2007, I conducted an in-depth interview of her case.

Q: Tell us how the problem started.

Ju: It was 1995. My son was only seven years old then. I always felt numbness in my right hand. One night while sleeping, I felt a lump in my right breast. I jokingly told my husband, “Alamak! What if this turns out to be cancerous?” I tried doing qigong etc. When I did it, there was no numbness. When I didn’t do it, it came back again. In those days, I did not read and do not know much about cancer. After the check-up, the surgeon confirmed there was a lump and advised a lumpectomy. So, I went in the morning to have the lump removed. It was a 4 – 5 cm tumor. Two weeks later, the doctor confirmed that it was cancer and I was asked to go for a mastectomy. I refused mastectomy. The first thought that came to her mind was: “Who is going to take care of my six-year old boy?” To most people, cancer is a death sentence.

Q: Why didn’t you want to remove the whole breast?

Ju: Because I always believe in natural healing. I believe that our body can heal by itself, if given a chance to do so. That was one of the main reasons. I also believe strongly in going back to nature even before my diagnosis.

Q: Then, why did you go for the lumpectomy?

Ju: I thought that something that is not supposed to be there, better to remove it.

Q: So it is okay to remove a lump?

Ju: (Nodded in agreement).

Q: But to remove breast?

Ju: No.

Q: Apart from believing in nature, is losing a breast something that you do not want to happen? How would you feel as a lady?

Ju: I believe that our body is not permanent. Our body is only for us to use temporarily for a good cause. So, I am not very attached to any part of my body. And I have a very good husband who said that whatever I wanted to do, I should just go ahead. He supported my decisions. And for me, any decision I make, it is my life.

Q: So, you don’t mind losing a part of your breast? Removing a breast is okay?

Ju: Yes, but at that point of time, I said no. I felt that a lumpectomy had just been done. My body had hardly recovered fully and you want me to go for a mastectomy? That was one of the reasons why I was not for it.

Q: So, it is not so much of “my breast is precious” and I do not wanting to lose the breast?

Ju: I never felt like that at all.

Q: You mentioned that you believe that natural healing is the best. Did you grow up with this kind of thought? Was it because of your family? Or something that you had learned or was exposed to?

Ju: I believe in the way and life of Buddha’s teaching. We are all part of nature. I believe in karma too. Whatever has to happen has to happen. And it my case, it had already happened. So, let it be. The important thing is to live. If I could, my aim was to have a life and hope to see my son grow up. I started to read books. I learnt that there was no guarantee of a cure, irrespective of whether I do a mastectomy or a lumpectomy. There is no difference.

Q: When you were told that you had cancer, how did you take the news?

Ju: When I went back home, I was with my family. So, we sat down. My husband, my sister and all, and I really cried. I let it all out. The only person I did not tell was my mum. I didn’t want my mum to worry at that time.

Q: In front of everybody? Others cried too?

Ju: Oh yes.

Q: In 1995 when you felt a lump in your right breast, you went to the hospital. What made you decide to go for the lumpectomy? How long was the time between discovering the lump and going to the hospital?

Ju: Something like four to five months. Given a choice I wouldn’t want to go for medical intervention. But because after doing the qigong and change of diet, I could still feel the lump and a little numbness in the body

Q: When change of diet and exercise did not help, you went to the hospital. What happened?

Ju: I went to the Specialists’ Centre. After the surgeon examined me, he said, “Oh, very simple. Only the operation. Just come in the morning and in the afternoon, you can go back.” He scheduled it for a week later.

Q: Were you ready for the lumpectomy?

Ju: Oh yes! Once I made up my mind, that’s it.

Q: So you wanted to get rid of it?

Ju: Yes.

Q: When did you break the news to your family?

Ju: After the lumpectomy after the lab results came back. I went to see the surgeon again with my husband and my son. My son was running around I can still remember that. The doctor did not stage my cancer, except that it was a very early stage. But he told me this: “If you do your mastectomy, I guarantee you that you will be cancer-free.” But I did not believe him. I am very skeptical about things. I did not go back to see him anymore. I realized that it was only I, myself who could take care of my well-being.

Q: This lumpectomy was it a family decision or your own?

Ju: I made up my own mind.

Q: Did he suggest any other treatment?

Ju: No. He said that a mastectomy was good enough for me.

Q: How do you find your doctor? Was he an understanding person? Was he nice to you?

Ju: Yes. He did not pressure me. He just did his job.

Q: Was he fair to you?

Ju: Yes. I voiced out what I felt and he did not react negatively.

Comments

The Cartesian Medicine treats the human body as a machine devoid of mind and soul. Doctors pronounce the diagnosis in a matter-of-fact matter and the removal of women’s breasts is nothing more than a routine procedure. Patients react to doctors’ diagnosis and prognosis with great emotional pains and distress. Ju “really cried” and let it all out this is something we encourage patients to do.

How a person reacts to an initial cancer diagnosis varies from one individual to another. Some even try to deny it. Others try to find scapegoats but in Ju’s case “whatever has to happen has to happen.” She did not wallow in self-pity or indulge in a blaming game. Her attitude was, since it has already happened, what then is the next step to move forward.

Religious beliefs play significant roles in helping patients to cope with their cancer diagnosis. Ju showed her Spiritual maturity when faced with the greatest problem of her life. In her case, the teachings of Buddha had helped her and made her realized that her body is not permanent and is only for her to use temporarily for a good cause. Indeed, if many of us can appreciate this “truth”, our world will be a great and harmonious place to live in.

Entry Filed under: Breast cancer


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ovariancervicaluterinecancer.com » Blog Archive » Cancer of the Uterus

By Abdulmubeen Mundewadi

Cancer of the uterus, also called uterine cancer, is most common in the inner lining of the uterus or endometrium, and hence is also called endometrial cancer. An age over 50, white race, endometrial hyperplasia, a history of having taken hormone replacement therapy or tamoxifen, obesity, and the presence of colorectal cancer, are risk factors for uterine cancer. Unusual vaginal bleeding or discharge, difficult or painful urination, painful intercourse, and pain in the pelvis area, are common symptoms of this disease. Surgery, radiation therapy and hormonal therapy are the standard line of treatment for this condition.

The Ayurvedic treatment of uterine cancer is aimed at treating the endometrial tumor and preventing or reducing its spread to other parts of the body. Medicines used are: Chandraprabha-Vati, Triphala-Guggulu, Arogya-Vardhini, Kanchnaar-Guggulu, Medohar-Guggulu, Ashokarishta, Maha-Manjishthadi-Qadha, Sinhanaad-Guggulu, Panch-Tikta-Ghrut-Guggulu, Ashoka (Saraca indica), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Vasa (Adathoda vasaka), Daruharidra (Berberis aristata), Tandullya (Amaranthus polygamus), Udumbar (Ficus glomerata), Ulatkambal (Abroma augusta), Shalmali (Bombax malabaricum), Raktachandan (Pterocarpus santalinus), Mayaphal (Quercus infectoria), Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia), Hirabol (Commiphora myrrha), Kumari (Aloe vera), Harmal (Paganam harmala) and Naagkeshar (Messua ferrea).

Medicines like Arogya-Vardhini, Kanchnaar-Guggulu, Chandra-Prabha-Vati, and Maha-Manjishthadi-Qadha are given in high doses to prevent or reduce the spread of cancer to other parts of the body. In order to improve the immune status of the body, medicines like Suvarna-Raj-Vangeshwar-Ras, Trivang-Bhasma, Suvarna-Parpati, Suvarna-Malini-Vasant, Abhrak-Bhasma, Heerak-Bhasma, Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus) and Punarnava (Boerhaavia diffusa) are used.

Ayurvedic medicines can thus be used in uterine cancer to treat the tumor, control its spread and improve overall survival. Ayurvedic medicines can also be used to prevent or reduce the side effects of chemotherapy and radiation therapy. It is important to note that all such patients should be under the care and supervision of an Oncology team.

Dr. A. A. Mundewadi is Chief Ayurvedic Physician at Mundewadi Ayurvedic Clinic based at Thane, Maharashtra, India. He is available as an online Ayurvedic Consultant at http://www.ayurvedaphysician.com The online clinic offers Ayurvedic treatment for all chronic and refractory health problems. Dr. A. A. Mundewadi uses high quality herbal extracts in tablet form, which are easy to take, effective and safe for long-term use.

Dr. A. A. Mundewadi, B.A.M.S., has clinical experience of 24 years and clinical research experience of 10 years. He has conducted extensive research in HIV infection, Schizophrenia and many other chronic diseases.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Abdulmubeen_Mundewadi

Technorati Tags: commiphora myrrha, berberis aristata, pterocarpus santalinus, risk factors for uterine cancer, withania somnifera, rubia cordifolia, cancer of the uterus, asparagus racemosus, lining of the uterus, painful intercourse, chandra prabha, tumor control, hormone replacement therapy, harmal, quercus infectoria, boerhaavia, pain in the pelvis, inner lining of the uterus, haritaki, bombax

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